Syaoran's name is Chinese in origin, commonly romanized from Chinese as Xiaolang. His given name, Syaoran (小狼), in both Chinese and Japanese, means "little wolf". His last name, Li (李), is a common Chinese surname, meaning "plum". In Korea and occasionally in Taiwan and Hong Kong, it is romanized as Lee.
In Horitsuba Gakuen, he is Syaoran's twin brother called Syaoron (シャオロン, 小龍).